News from the National Academies en-us News from the National Academies Members Share 2015 Nobel in Chemistry Paul Modrich, Aziz Sancar, and Tomas Lindahl have won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair." Modrich is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine, and Sancar is an NAS member. Oct. 7, 2015 NAS Member and Foreign Associate Receive Nobel Prize in Medicine The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was divided, one half jointly to NAS member William C. Campbell and foreign associate Satoshi Ōmura "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites" and the other half to Youyou Tu "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against malaria."
Oct. 5, 2015
National Academy of Engineering Annual Meeting Begins Oct. 2 – NAE members will gather on Oct. 4-5 in Washington, D.C., to congratulate new members and welcome distinguished speakers who will discuss this year’s annual meeting theme, the Grand Challenges for Engineering. Agenda | Learn More
Oct. 2, 2015
Airport X-ray Screening Systems Comply With Health and Safety Standards for Radiation Exposure Machines that use advanced X-ray imaging technology to screen airport passengers comply with radiation exposure limits set by the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report also finds that the machines adhere to the recommended safety mechanisms described in the ANSI/HPS standards to prevent overexposure to radiation in the event of a mechanical failure or deliberate tampering. Read More
Sept. 29, 2015
New Report Recommends Streamlining, Harmonizing Regulations for Federally Funded Research Continuing expansion of federal research regulations and requirements is diminishing the effectiveness of the U.S. scientific enterprise by directing investigators' time away from research and toward administrative matters, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report identifies specific actions Congress, the White House, federal agencies, and research institutions should take to reduce the regulatory burden. Read More
Sept. 22, 2015
Urgent Change Needed to Improve Diagnosis Most people will experience at least one diagnostic error -- an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis -- in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report found that although getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care, efforts to improve diagnosis and reduce diagnostic errors have been quite limited.
Sept. 22, 2015
Report Finds Immigrants Come to Resemble Native-Born Americans Over Time, But Integration Not Always Linked to Greater Well-Being for Immigrants As immigrants and their descendants become integrated into U.S. society, many aspects of their lives improve, including measurable outcomes such as educational attainment, occupational distribution, income, and English language ability, but their well-being declines in the areas of health, crime, and family patterns, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. At the same time, several factors impede immigrants' integration into society, such as their legal status, racial disparities in socio-economic outcomes, and low naturalization rates.
Sept. 21, 2015
New Report Examines Implications of Growing Gap in Life Span by Income for Entitlement Programs As the gap in life expectancy between the highest and lowest earners in the U.S. has widened over time, high earners have disproportionately received larger lifetime benefits from government programs such as Social Security and Medicare, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report looked at life expectancy patterns among a group of Americans born in 1930 and compared those with projections for a group born in 1960.
Sept. 17, 2015
Chinese Academy of Sciences and Royal Society to Join in Convening International Summit on Human Gene Editing; Organizing Committee Named The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society (the science academy of the U.K.) are joining the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine in co-hosting an international summit on human gene editing to be held Dec. 1-3 in Washington, D.C. An organizing committee has been appointed to develop an agenda for the summit, which will bring together experts from a variety of disciplines to discuss scientific, medical, ethical, and governance issues associated with advances in human gene-editing research. Read More
Sept. 14, 2015
Chad Mirkin Awarded First NAS Prize in Convergence Research Chad A. Mirkin is the inaugural recipient of the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize in Convergence Research, the National Academy of Sciences announced today. A professor at Northwestern University and the director of its International Institute for Nanotechnology, Mirkin is being awarded the $400,000 prize "for impressively integrating chemistry, materials science, molecular biology, and biomedicine in the development of spherical nucleic acids that are widely used in the rapid and automated diagnosis of infectious diseases and many other human diseases -- including cancers and cardiac disease -- and in the detection of drug-resistant bacteria."
Sept. 10, 2015
Stuff Matters: Exploring the Marvelous Materials That Shape Our Man-Made World Wins Best Book Award From Academies; Particle Fever, Your Inner Fish, Detroit News, Reuters Also Take Prizes The recipients of the 2015 Communication Awards were announced today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Supported by the W.M. Keck Foundation since 2003 as part of the Keck Futures Initiative, these prestigious awards — each of which includes a $20,000 prize — recognize excellence in reporting and communicating science, engineering, and medicine to the general public. The winners will be honored during a ceremony on Oct. 14 in Washington, D.C. Read More
Sept. 9, 2015
Rise in Federal Disability Benefits for Children With Mental Disorders Consistent With General Population The percentage of poor children who received federal disability benefits for at least one of 10 major mental disorders increased from 1.88 percent in 2004 to 2.09 percent in 2013, and such growth is consistent with and proportionate to trends in the prevalence of diagnosed mental disorders among children in the general U.S. population, says a new report of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The increase also is not unexpected. This is because a sizeable number of low-income children with disabling mental disorders do not receive federal benefits, yet are eligible for such benefits. Read More
Sept. 9, 2015
New Report Recommends Priorities for Next Decade of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research An initiative to better understand how melting ice sheets will contribute to sea-level rise, efforts to decode the genomes of organisms to understand evolutionary adaptations, and a next-generation cosmic microwave background experiment to address fundamental questions about the origin of the universe are the top research goals for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science recommended in a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report, which offers a strategic vision to guide the U.S. Antarctic Program at the National Science Foundation over the next 10 years, also recommends that NSF continue to support a core program of investigator-driven research across a broad range of disciplines and strengthen logistic and infrastructure support for the priority research areas. Read More Members of the committee will present the report's findings and take questions during a one-hour webinar beginning at 1 p.m. EDT Tuesday, Aug. 11. Please register at here.
Aug. 11, 2015
Dr. Robert L. Ullrich Appointed as Chief of Research at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. Robert L. Ullrich as Chief of Research at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) in Hiroshima, Japan. He succeeds Dr. Roy Shore, who retired from RERF in June 2015.Dr. Ullrich joined RERF as its Associate Chief of Research in November 2013. Prior to joining RERF, Dr. Ullrich was the John Sealy Distinguished Chair in Cancer Biology, Director of the Sealy Center for Cancer Biology, and Interim Director of the Cancer Center at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas. He is recognized internationally for his groundbreaking research on mechanisms and risk of cancer following exposure to ionizing radiation and for his scientific leadership of laboratory, academic, and medical programs. Dr. Ullrich received the Radiation Research Society’s Failla Award in 2012 for outstanding research contributions in radiation science. Read more
Aug. 10, 2015
Community-Based Flood Insurance Offers Potential Benefits, Faces Many Challenges Community-based flood insurance -- a single insurance policy that in theory would cover an entire community -- may create new opportunities to reduce flood losses and enhance the likelihood of communities paying more attention to flood risk mitigation, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. This option for providing flood insurance, however, would not provide the sole solution for all of the nation's flood insurance challenges. The report discusses the pros and cons of this policy option, identifies challenges that need to be addressed if it were to be implemented, and describes scenarios, that depending on the underlying circumstances in a community, can help guide decisions about when community-based flood insurance would be beneficial over individual policies. Read More
July 24, 2015
New Report Presents Framework to Establish Standards for Psychosocial Interventions Used to Treat Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders A considerable gap exists in mental health and substance abuse treatments known as psychosocial interventions between what is known to be effective and those interventions that are commonly delivered, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Mental health and substance use disorders are a serious public health problem, affect approximately 20 percent of the U.S. population, and often occur together. The report presents a framework for implementing evidence-based psychosocial interventions, with the ultimate goal of improving outcomes for individuals suffering from mental health and substance use disorders. Read More
July 14, 2015
Koshland Science Museum's Extreme Event Game Wins Gold Medal The Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences has been awarded a gold medal by the Serious Games Association for Extreme Event, a role-playing game developed in collaboration with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Resilient America project. The awards acknowledge outstanding games that provide superior interaction and training opportunities. Read More
July 14, 2015